Earth is also known as the water Planet. That is because of the abundance of water on Earth.
Water, plenty as it is, is still one of the most precious resources on this planet. Earth contains a water body a little over 70 % which is for the most part salty save a little, which is potable and the only water which is suitable for consumption for the living creatures of this world.
Alas, water, which has life-giving properties, which is tasteless yet the most relishing drink for humans, plants and animals alike, is not given its due when it comes to its importance.
Water may be tasteless, but ask the person about its taste whose throat is parched. No other thing would be dearer to such a person than water. Water provides its drinkers with an indescribable relish, soothes their nerves, imparts calmness and composure to the body, regulates the body temperature, aids digestion, detoxifies the body, brightens the skin and relieves stress & anxiety and so on. No wonder then, that water is considered the most savory and sweetest drink of all.
That is because, water, as an important element of earth, has got many nutrients and minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium and iron among others which give water its sweet taste despite its tastelessness.
Such is the vitality and importance of water in our lives yet we humans waste water extravagantly and inconsiderately.
The world today is at the brink of a severe ecological imbalance which, apparently, may or may not affect us now but will gradually encompass us in its clutches sooner than we think – unless we try to salvage the situation, take corrective steps and mend our ways.
A religious tradition has it that water is the stuff of life and should not be wasted even if one is in possession of a river. This is simply a metaphor but the importance this tradition attaches to water is obvious. It means, even if water is available in plenty, it should still not be wasted as it is life-saving and precious to mankind.
But humanity, with its callous ways, has been wasting water recklessly and ruthlessly since decades and centuries.
Mankind has not only wasted water directly but contributed to water wastage indirectly as well by disturbing the ecological balance, deforestation, industrialization, air pollution, greenhouse effect, ozone effect, carbon emissions and what not, thereby causing the existing state of water scarcity and issues.
In fact, things have come to such a pass that this world has been pushed to the edge of an impending major catastrophe and if such a status-quo continues any longer, it can spell disaster.
But thankfully, due to awareness campaigns led by various ecological groups and social activists, some rectifying steps are being taken in the direction of curtailing water wastage.
This may be just a step but if mankind unites as one and moves forward in this direction together, then the day is not far behind when we can restore this planet back to its pristine glory.
Although long-standing and persistent exploitation by mankind of the ecology of this world has taken a heavy toll on this planet, we can, with modern-day education and salvaging techniques go a long way in minimizing the after-effects of this exploitation.
The platform to solve the global water crises should be to realize the existing issues of water shortage and misuse and then set methods and steps to solve these issues.
To this end, the most basic approach is Awareness. Unless we create awareness about the importance, preciousness and issues of water to young & old, educated & uneducated, near & far, we will be unable to make any headspace in this revolution.
Awareness campaigns must be initiated, school curriculums must be updated, social activities must be held – all to attain the common end of laying emphasis on water and its valuability.
Students of all ages must be encouraged to participate and do their bit in signifying the importance of water and contribute intellectually, morally and socially in this cause.
Multicultural India, with its rich heritage and legacy of traditions & social mores can be instrumental in highlighting the key issues and then working together as one nation in finding solutions.
A few salient points, which we, as responsible citizens of India can work on, follow:
The Indian Polity and Policy-Makers have taken various commendable steps in solving the Water shortage problems of the country. But, as a massive nation, the message needs to be promulgated consistently and continuously. Incentivizing the implementation of policies, reaching out to the entire rural population and simplifying the red-tape involved in the implementation of various schemes will be very helpful in setting the tone for better water management.
Moreover, the Indian government also plans to establish the ‘One Nation, One Dam’ Scheme which will make possible the interconnectivity of all the dams of India with each other. Given India’s huge catchment area and areas receiving abundant rainfall, it shall more than compensate for the areas receiving scant rainfall, thus eliminating famines, droughts and other situations that are an accompaniment to scarce rainfall.
Updating school syllabi and introducing mandatory subjects on water conservation & management for all pursuing higher education can be an effective tool. Additionally, taking up awareness campaigns to educate the poor & illiterate and the rich & literate alike will also be beneficial.
New-age technology and tools can be quite effective in curbing the consequences of the existing problems due to paucity of water.
It can play a crucial role in saving water. Efficient utilization of water in power plants and industries through the usage of innovative and high end technology and machinery is one such method.
Water harvesting, if not a neglected science, is still a method that is not given its due. From erecting dams, to channelizing rivers to trapping the rainwater obtained in the rooftop of a home or building or a civil structure – water harvesting has immense potential to augment and do its part in stabilizing the water-table of this earth.
Water Saving Methods:
Although saving water is considered very mundane and commonplace by us yet if we save water and avoid water wastage by stopping even leaky taps and pipes and minimize water wastage while we get ready for our college & office, we can save millions of gallons of water every year.
Every drop of water counts, no matter where it is saved from. Cutting down on water usage in domestic purposes, Education Institutions, Industries, Power Plants, Factories, Manufacturing houses and other places are a few important areas we can begin with.
Continuous striving and efforts from the Government and its Subjects are needed in totality.
Going Glocal, which uses Global experience with the help of strong Local presence and expertise can be a novel and innovative approach to learn and put to practice new methods of using water judiciously.
This, as a branch of Engineering, must be promoted by the Academicians and Politicians equally. Through Water Engineering, we can channelize and tap the potential of water more effectively and thereby put water to good usage.
Enhancing Dam structures, creating better contraptions and facilitating Water-works through Water Engineering can be quite useful in easing the way of life.
Water is a basic right:
Although Water wastage and Water shortage in India is a serious issue and also a growing concern, which is being dealt with quite sagaciously, the social activists and statesmen should also cast an equally compassionate glance towards providing pure and clean drinking water to all the citizens of this country. There should be no discrimination in providing water on the grounds of caste, creed, race, religion, ethnicity, culture or community – as is still prevalent in some remote, backward and ignorant regions of India. Water is a basic right and this right is the right of one and all.
In the same vein, as good citizens, we must not evade water taxes. In order to ensure smooth polity by the Municipal Corporation of the city, every household must seek to pay what is due to his/her house in the way of taxes.
People develop arrears upon arrears for all the civic facilities they utilize without paying taxes for years and yet these same people cry foul for any temporary delay or discrepancy caused by the City Municipal Corporation. Why such double standards?
Conservation by All:
The struggle to eliminate water scarcity, water pollution and water wastage begins at every doorstep of our beloved Nation.
Every responsible, law-abiding citizen of India must uphold the responsibility to make India a beautiful and progressive Nation through his or her own ways – big or small.
Every hand must seek to turn off that overflowing tap; every eye must be vigilant to check water wastage; every person must stop water extravagance with his or her own hands – whether it is in their own home or the world outside.
Our love for our country should drive us out of our homes onto the streets in order to keep it clean, and reach out to the impoverished and helpless citizens of India. We must speak out for the Nation and with the Nation.
Yes, we, the people, must take to online forums, group discussions, panels, and blogs – the entire social media. Most crucially, we must join and participate in awareness campaigns and activities. Then and only then will we be able to see the brilliant colors of change in the development of our Nation.
Change is an inside-out process and unless we instill strong moral values in ourselves and strive to better ourselves, there is little that we can expect from this society at large.
India is a Beautiful country and is endowed with blessings of every kind by Almighty God – wildlife, greenery, minerals, food grains, resources, precious gems, scenic locations, rich cultures & heritage and beautiful & intelligent people – yes, there are indeed blessings of every kind which we just cannot deny!