About Professional Practice : The term ‘professional practice’ refers to the conduct and work of someone from a particular profession.Professions are occupations that require a prolonged period of education and training. They are often overseen by professional bodies who may accredit educational establishments and qualified professionals. Qualification may be recognised by the designation ‘member of…’, ‘certified’, ‘chartered member’, ‘fellow’, and so on. For example, a professional member of theChartered Institute of Architectural Technologists may use the letters MCIAT after their name (member of).
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More About Professional Practice :
Professional bodies may set standards of ethics, performance, competence, insurance, training and so on that must be met to remain within the profession. These are typically set out in a code of conduct.
Some professional designations are protected by law. For example, the term ‘architect’ is protected by the Architects Act 1997 which established the Architects Registration Board(ARB). Only qualified individuals that are registered with the ARB can offer their services asarchitects. However, rather peculiarly, the public tend to recognise the designation RIBA, denoting an architect who is also a member of the Royal Institute of British Architects. This is not a legal requirement.
Professions will have specific practices and standards that they value, but in construction there are some general principles common to most professionals:
- Act with integrity.
- Adopt an ethical approach.
- Provide a high standard of service.
- Only undertake work for which there is appropriate competence.
- Have appropriate insurance.
- Ensure that terms of appointment are clear.
- Act in a way that promotes trust in the profession.
- Do not bring the profession into disrepute.
- Do not discriminate against parties on any grounds.
- Demonstrate a commitment to continuing professional development.
- Offer a dispute resolution service.
Contracts may include terms requiring that the contracted party exercise ‘reasonable skill and care’, and in interpreting this, the courts may take into account the professional standard that might be expected. That is, a party advertising services as a professional architect would be expected to demonstrate the level of skill and care of a competent architect.
An architect offering services in a specialist field might be expected to demonstrate a higher level of skill and care, of a competent specialist. The more skilled a person, the more the care that can be expected of them. For more information see: Reasonable skill and care.
a) INTRODUCTION: Professional practice as career ; modes of measurements of civil
engineering works ; Details and formats in English & PWD methods of measurements;
Methods of taking – out quantities; Introduction to IS 1200 (Rev) & details; Units of
measurements; Least counts (errors & accuracymargins) Prime cost: Provisional sum ;
Provisional quantities. (4)
b) APPROXIMATE ESTIMATES: Meaning; Necessity; General principles; Methods of
preparing approximate estimates for buildings, roads, bridges, water supply schemes,
drainage schemes, retaining walls etc. (3)
Unit -II: DETAILED ESTIMATES
Rules of measurements; Error margins & degrees of accuracy ; Uses of estimates; Essentials of
an estimator; Requirements of an estimator, Estimates of building, slab, culverts, septic tank,
band –stand , RCC well, steel-truss roof, earthen dam, plumbing works, RCC elements , canals,
roads, bridges, earth- works. (7)
a) SPECIFICATIONS: Meaning; Uses & objectives; Types; Detailed Specifications;
Provisions & classification;Principles of writing specifications, Drafting detailed
specifications – samples (Civil Engg. works) (4)
b) RATE ANALYSIS: Purpose; Factors affecting rate analysis; Task work; Schedules of
rates; Catalogues; D.S.R.; AISSR; Labour wages; Thumb rules for reinforcement;
Traditional ratios of concrete; Volumereduction theories; Leads and lifts; Batching; Rate
analysis- samples (Civil Engg. works). (5)
Unit -IV: CONTRACTS
Meaning; objects; Various conditions and categories; Contract documents; Labour laws & patent
rights, Agencies involved in construction industry ; Role of engineer in organizations ; Role of
architect ; Essentials of valid contracts ; Termination & breach of contracts ; Arbitration ;
Damages ,Responsibilities of owner & contractor ; Forms & types of contracts(lump sum ,unit
price ,cost plus,piece work,); contract for supply of materials & transport of materials ; Labour
contracts ; Negotiated contracts ; demolition contracts. (7)
a) TENDERS: Meaning; Categories; Tender notice; Notification in press and media; N.B.C.;
Corrigendum; Preparation & submission of tenders, Tenders form & information; E.M.D.
& S.D. objectives; Revocation of tenders; Unbalanced tenders; Opening of tenders;
Scrutiny of tenders; Acceptance of tenders. (A mockup exercise of
preparation,submission,opening of tender document is suggested.) (4)
b) VALUATION:Meaning; Purpose; Cost, price and value; Values forms and terms; salvage
value,scrap value, book value, market value, prospective value, factors affecting value of
property, Property forms; Property holdings; Leases; Depreciation; Methods of cost
depreciation; Incomes and outgoings; Sinking fund and parameters; Year`s purchase;
Capitalized value; methods of valuation of buildings. (4)
a) GOVT PROCEDURE FOR WORK EXECUTION: Work classification; Administrative
approval & technical sanction; Bills; Measurement books; N.M.R.; Accounts of works,
stores, plants; M.A.S. account; Daily diary; Daily work. (4)
b) PROPERTIES & ESTATES: Meaning; Mortgages; Amortization; Deals of property;
Registration; Sale deed; Formation of cooperative housing societies; Building bye-laws
and Municipal norms; N.A. concept; Loans; Repayments; E.M.I.; Apartment acts;
Mathematics of finance; Banking finance terms; New construction works and documents;
Real estates. (4)
1. Estimation and Costing – S. C.Rangawala
2. Estimation and Costing (Civil Engineering) – B. N. Dutta
3. Civil Engineering Contracts and Estimates – B. S. Patil
4. Estimation, Costing and Valuation – N. Chakraborty.
1. Practical Information for quantity surveyors, property valuers, Architects, Engineers &
builders: By. P.T. Joglekar, Published by: Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune.
1. I.S.1200 (Part 01 to 25): Methods of Measurement of building & Civil Engineering works.
2. D.S.R: District Schedule of Rates.
Pattern of Question Paper:
The units in the syllabus shall be divided in two equal sections. Question paper shall be set
having two sections A and B. Section A questions shall be set on first three units (1,2,3) and
Section B questions on remaining three units (4,5,6) . Question paper should cover the
For 80 marks Paper:
1. Minimum ten questions
2. Five questions in each section
3. Three questions from each section are asked to solve.
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