About Structural Design : Structural engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering in which structural engineers are trained to design the ‘bones and muscles’ that create the form and shape of man made structures. Structural engineers need to understand and calculate the stability, strength and rigidity of built structures for buildings andnonbuilding structures. The structural designs are integrated with those of other designers such as architects and building services engineer and often supervise the construction of projects by contractors on site. They can also be involved in the design of machinery, medical equipment, and vehicles where structural integrity affects functioning and safety. See glossary of structural engineering.
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More About Structural Design :
It is a method or tool by which we find out safe and economical specifications of a structure or a member of the structure sufficient to carry the load.In other words finding out cross-sectional dimension, grade of material, amount of reinforcement etc. necessary to withstand the internal forces that we have got from structural analysis.
Structural engineering theory is based upon applied physical laws and empiricalknowledge of the structural performance of different materials and geometries. Structural engineering design uses a number of relatively simple structural elementsto build complex structural systems. Structural engineers are responsible for making creative and efficient use of funds, structural elements and materials to achieve these goals.
Structural engineering depends upon a detailed knowledge of applied mechanics,materials science and applied mathematics to understand and predict how structures support and resist self-weight and imposed loads. To apply the knowledge successfully a structural engineer generally requires detailed knowledge of relevant empirical and theoretical design codes, the techniques of structural analysis, as well as some knowledge of the corrosion resistance of the materials and structures, especially when those structures are exposed to the external environment. Since the 1990s, specialist software has become available to aid in the design of structures, with the functionality to assist in the drawing, analyzing and designing of structures with maximum precision; examples include AutoCAD, StaadPro, ETABS, Prokon, Revit Structure, Inducta RCB, etc. Such software may also take into consideration environmental loads, such as from earthquakes and winds.
Bamu Syllabus For This Subject contains :
Unit I: Design of combined footings: Rectangular footing, Trapezoidal footing. (6)
Unit II: Design of Flat Slab: Introduction – component of flat slab construction, IS code
recommendation, Direct design method and Equivalent frame method (6)
Unit III: Design of Cantilever and Counterfort retaining wall (6)
a) Design of Water Tank Resting on Ground, Elevated circular and rectangular tanks with
flat bottom and top Including Staging (I.S. Code Method) (6)
b) Design of under Ground Water Tank (3)
Introduction to Prestressed concrete : principles of prestressing, Basic concepts, comparison
between Prestressed concrete and Reinforced Concrete, Need of high-strength concrete and
Steel for Prestressed concrete construction, Classification of prestressed concrete member,
Systems of prestressing. (6)
a) Design of Circular slabs: Fully restrained, partially restrained and simply supported
along edges. (3)
b) Formwork : Introduction, loads on formwork, Indian standards on formwork , design of
shuttering for Columns, beams and slab floor. (4)
1. Reinforced concrete structures by Dr. B. C. Punmia, Ashok Jain and Arun kumar jain
2. Illustrated reinforced concrete Design by Dr. S. R. Karve and Dr. V. L. Shah
3. Reinforced Concrete Design by Unnikrishnan Pillai, Devdas Menon
4. Prestressed Conctrete by N. Krishna Raju
5. Prestressed Concrete by T.Y. Lin.
6. Formwork for Concrete Structures by Kumar Neeraj jha ( Mc Graw Hill Education)
7. Building Construction By Dr. Sadhu Singh, (Khanna Publications)
Refer IS: 456-2000, IS: 3370 and IS: 1343-1980.
Pattern of Question Paper:
The units in the syllabus shall be divided in two equal sections. Question paper shall be set
having two sections A and B. Section A questions shall be set on first three units (1,2,3) and
Section B questions on remaining three units (4,5,6) . Question paper should cover the
For 80 marks Paper:
1. Minimum ten questions
2. Five questions in each section
3. Three questions from each section are asked to solve.
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